Mandela received weapons training from Mossad agents in Ethiopia
Haaretz reports that Mossad agents in Ethiopia gave weapons training to Nelson Mandela
and tried to turn him into a Zionist. The training took place in 1962, before he was arrested by the apartheid regime in South Africa.
These revelations are from a document in the Israel State Archives
labeled “Top Secret.” The existence of the document is revealed here for
the first time.
It also emerges that the Mossad operatives attempted to encourage Zionist sympathies in Mandela.
the father of the new South Africa and a Nobel Peace Prize laureate,
led the struggle against apartheid in his country from the 1950s. He was
arrested, tried and released a number of times before going underground
in the early 1960s. In January 1962, he secretly and illegally fled
South Africa and visited various African countries, including Ethiopia,
Algeria, Egypt and Ghana. His goal was to meet with the leaders of
African countries and garner financial and military support for the
armed wing of the underground African National Congress.
letter sent from the Mossad to the Foreign Ministry in Jerusalem
reveals that Mandela underwent military training by Mossad operatives in
Ethiopia during this period. These operatives were unaware of Mandela’s
true identity. The letter, classified top secret, was dated October 11,
1962 – about two months after Mandela was arrested in South Africa,
shortly after his return to the country.
Mossad sent the letter to three recipients: the head of the Africa Desk
at the Foreign Ministry, Netanel Lorch, who went on to become the third
Knesset secretary; Maj. Gen. Aharon Remez, head of the ministry’s
department of international cooperation and the first Israel Air Force
commander; and Shmuel Dibon, Israel’s ambassador to Ethiopia between
1962 and 1966 and former head of the Middle East desk at the Ministry.
subject line of the letter was “the Black Pimpernel,” in English, the
term the South African media was already using for Mandela. It was based
on the Scarlet Pimpernel, the nom de guerre of the hero of
Baroness Emma Orczy’s early 20th century novel, who saved French
noblemen from the guillotine during the French Revolution.
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Labels: apartheid state, Ethiopia, Mossad, South Africa